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Victory Day of Bangladesh indicates the date of 16th December. On this day of 1971, Bangladesh has emerged as a new nation in the world. It is the birthdate of Bangladesh. The birth of independent Bangladesh is the most important event in the history of the Bangalee. The Bangalee continued to protest and battle against the exploitation, suppression and discrimination of the Pakistani regimes since the movements against the British rule.
The Language Movement of 1952, East Pakistan Provincial Assembly election, the movement against martial law, different student movements etc. are mentionable among them.
Besides, the six points movement, historic case of Agartala, movement for cultural rights, the mass uprising of 1969 and the general election of 1970 contributed to the national renaissance of the Bangalees. These incidents and events have accelerated the anti-Pakistan spirit and motivated the people toward Bangalee nationalism.
As a result, the mass people took part in the war of independence as it broke out in 1971. Bangladesh achieved total independence through this blood-letting war.
History of Victory Day
Since the birth of Pakistan, the West Pakistani rulers could never think of the Bangalees as their own people. Instead of freedom and independence, the Bangalees got all the discrimination; a new foreign ruler in place of the British. The relation between the two wings was that of an exploiter and the exploited class. We became exploited.
The huge disparity and discrimination between the inhabitants of the two wings of Pakistan were visible in every stratum of life like politics, administration, military, economy education, culture etc.
This was a deliberate attempt to keep the Bangalees dominated. But the Bangalees demonstrated their discontent about that in various ways. Finally, they created a new country Bangladesh through the war of liberation.
The Bangalees are fighters. They protested against injustice during the Mughal and British periods. Silence toward the discriminations of the Pakistani rulers was never in their mind. Language movement was the initiation of anti-Pakistan agitation.
Although for a brief period, the Bangalees had their first taste of power when they formed the government defeating Muslim League in 1954. The student agitations against the Sharif commission began the movement against the martial law government of Ayub Khan.
Literary conferences and cultural movements in the ’60s were the staging ground for anti-Ayub agitations. A cultural renaissance occurred all over the country including Dhaka and Chittagong during the celebration of Biswa Kabi Rabindranath Thakur’s birth centenary in 1961. The cultural movements were further stimulated with the birth of “Chhayanata” in the same year. This cultural outfit regularly organized various cultural events and celebration of different festivals.
This trend toward cultural autonomy continued throughout the ’60s. In 1966 the six points’ proposal was a plan to get rid of all discriminations and attempt to run their own country. When the government rejected the rightful demand of Bangidee, they started 6 points and 11 points movements.
The mass uprising forced the Govt. to withdraw of historic Agartala case (State versus Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and others) and the resignation of President Ayub Khan resigned his precedency. The Awami League, under the leadership of Bangabandhu, won an absolute majority in the general election of 1970.
This victory was indeed a huge step toward the goal of our independence. But the Pakistani rulers started hatching conspiracies to delay the transfer of power to the Bangalees and Bangabandhu in captivity of Pakistan playing different games.
On 25 March, at occupation force midnight on March 25, 1971 midnight, the Pakistani military occupation force midnight on March 25, 1971, forces launched a sudden attack on the unarmed Bangalees and started the genocide. They attacked the Rajarbeg police line. News of the attack was telecast from police line fax. Bangabandhu was arrested on the same night.
Bangabandhu could declare the independence of Bangladesh before his arrest on that night. The liberation war started.
Finally, with the victory on 16 December 1971 Bangalees gave their answer to 24 years of exploitation and discrimination against them by Pakistani rulers. As a result, Bangladesh emerged as an independent and sovereign country in the world in exchange for the blood of 30 lack martyrs. 16th December is the victory day of Bangladesh. From then, Bangladeshi people celebrate 16 December as the national victory day of Bangladesh & this is the 50th Victory day of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh is going to observe the 50th victory day in 2020. Different Social, Cultural, Educational organizations will arrange the different programs to celebrate this day. The government also arranged a different program on this day.
The Prime Minister and President pay tribute to the Martyrs of the liberation war on the National Mausoleum at Savar. People of all classes show respect and remember the history of martyrs. An educational institution like school and colleges arrange competition about victory day of Bangladesh drawing, essay writings, etc
Bangladesh Police, Army, Navy and Air forces will arrange a special program for the memory of Liberation war Martyrs.Girls and Boys Decorating Institution on the eve of Victory of Bangladesh. 16th December is the public holiday of Bangladesh. Major roads, institutions, and buildings are decorated beautifully on this day.
Bangladesh Awami league supporters play the historical speech of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman’s speech. This speech is recognized by UNESCO. Bangladesh Television and Other non-government channels will broadcast a special program on the occasion of the victory day of Bangladesh. The Bangladesh Government and people exchange Victory Day Cards Bangladesh to one another.
Bangladesh was born as an independent country on this day in 1971 when the Pakistani occupation forces surrendered after a nine-month bloody war in which three million people sacrificed their lives and hundreds of thousands of women were dishonored.
However, 16th December is our victory day. It is the day of emancipation from the shackled life of long years under the brutal rulers of West Pakistan.
We have to suffer British colonial rule over 190 years and about 25 years under the barbaric domination of Pakistan. The British colonial rule ended up in 1947 with the birth of two independent states called India and Pakistan. Bangladesh becomes a province of Pakistan under the name of East Pakistan. The Pakistani rulers began to rule Bangladesh in an ironic hand.
In all the spheres political, economic, social and cultural there was a disparity created by them. This deprivation and exploitation of the Pakistani rulers created serious governance and resentment among the people of our country. At one time, they lost the level of their patients and revolted against them. A lot of blood was shed in different movements against them on different issues.
In 1970 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman won an overwhelming majority in the parliament. But as there goes a wise saying, ‘black will take on others hue.’ So did they do it? They denied giving the recognition of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. He then roared up like a lion and called people to stand up and fight for liberating Bangladesh from the grip of the brutal. This declaration was made on the 7th of March, 1971. He declared in a thundering voice. The result brought him arrested and taken to prison in West Pakistan.
As a result, the whole nation dropped into the darkness of uncertainty. Then Ziaur Rahman, an army officer, came forward and declared the independence of Bangladesh on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahaman from Kalurghat radio Kendra. People from all walks of life joined the liberation war of their own accord. 26th March is also the independence day of Bangladesh.
This war continued for nine months which ultimately turned into a bloody one. More than 30 lakhs of people were killed in the war. It was one of the violent wars in the 20th century. A lot of people lost their lives. Lieutenant General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi, CO of Pakistan Armed Forces located in East Pakistan signed the surrender paper at the racecourse ground on 16 December 1971. This is how we achieved our glorious victory.
Victory day is a colorful day of the most memorable days of Bangladesh. We observe the day with great honor and patriotic zeal. This day is a public holiday. Our national flag is kept flying on the top of private and public houses, offices and educational institutions. We offer floral wreaths at the victory monuments. The government’s offices and buildings are decorated and illuminated on this day.
Various social and cultural programs are held throughout the country. Various theatre groups arrange drama, clubs show films made on the liberation war and various kinds of colorful processions are held in our country.
Bangladesh is a dreamland of many martyrs. Victory day is the greatest achievement as a nation. We have got a flag, a country, and an identity.
Freedom means freedom in all sectors like social, communication, economy and so on. But it is a matter of great sorrow that though we have got political freedom. The country has not yet been able to achieve economic freedom. The change should be within to make it a dreamland to show respect towards the martyrs.
Bangladesh celebrating Victory Day 16th December is a red-letter day for the nation.
The victory day of Bangladesh is a symbol of the immense victory of good against evil! It was a celebration of the right against wrong.
The people of Bangladesh are forever indebted to the supreme sacrifice of every victim of the Liberation war in 1971. Rest in peace and thank you for everything.
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